Michael Maryano studied enough to qualify for leadership inAdenand the U.K, and nearly 40 years on, he led the agreeable, commonplace life of politics.
History (BurcoOnline) 25.06.2015 Michael Maryano studied enough to qualify for leadership inAdenand the U.K, and nearly 40 years on, he led the agreeable, commonplace life of politics. He justified his election by the extraordinary diplomatic ability he displayed during his mission toLondon. The ostensible object of this mission was to arrange an amicably certain diplomatic, despite difficulties being created by his opponent parties (SNL and USP) in the country. In the deliberations and discussions of the Somaliland’s independence with the British authority, he played a leading role and defended the interest of his country, with a dexterity, which excited the admiration of his colleagues i.e.SultanRashid Sultan Abdullah, and Dube AliYarewho were the first Somali Landers who accepted the offer ofSomaliland’s independence.
Michael Maryano was a man of exceptional intelligence and energy. In addition to his regular functions, his country and his party with much work of a confidential, delicate nature including a mission toLondonand the subsequent negotiations for theSomalilandindependence entrusted him. Michael and his fellow men found impossible to maintain a policy of total ostentation from the affairs of the country. The party he created NUF, which had objected independence to be forced upon it, were still strong and made overtones for union with the other parties. The determination of Michael Maryano and his team was that, the other parties (SNL and USP) should not close the road of the independence butNUFdid not succeed in making themselves masters. One of the main objectives ofNUFalso was, with a mandate to recover the lost territory of theHOUDand reserved area. The distinction, incidentally, between theHOUD, which was a pastoral area south of the British Somaliland boundary with Ethiopia, and the Reserved Area to the North of Jigjiga. It was required by the British Military Administration after the liberation ofEthiopiato confront the Vichy French government inDjibouti.
It concernedBritain’s withdrawal from theHoudandReservedArea in 1954, leaving 65,000 square kilometres of pastureland under the sovereignty and jurisdiction ofAbyssinia. It was considered by Protectorate Somalis as a betrayal of earlierAnglo-Somali agreements,and acknowledged as such by most of the British officials serving in the protectorate at the time.
He sought to remedy the mistakes, which had been made by the other parties, and in 1958, he submitted a plan of federation between theSomalilandand Somali south. He believed that federation would afford the best solution of most of the difficulties within the country. He used his influence to prevent the acceptance of the union with the other Somalis for at least six to eighteen months but that proposal was lost and his view did not meet with the approval of the other parties-SNL and USP. He believed thatSomalilandwas not mature enough for unification educationally, economically, socially and politically.Somalilandcould not, it was thought, manage their own affairs after only a decade of experience. Conventional wisdom spoke of thirty years, at least, beforeSomalilandcould be ready for self-government, given its relative ‘underdevelopment’ compared with other British dependencies of the time. Disastrously, the new federal constitution was weighed heavily in favour of the south ofSomalia. However, no one forecast disaster at the time, although like everything else, the constitution was in a desperate expedient. His effort was to promote good government inSomaliareceiving unexpected help in consequence of the extraordinary delusion among the people.
In 1950s, A special Branch file on Michael Maryano, for example, carried the stigma of communism for which there was not an iota of evidence, and in 1953 a British administrative officer reviewing the contents of the file, was enraged by this unjustified slur. He asked Michael to witness the file’s destruction in brazier.
Michael Miryano was one of the greatest politicians in Somali history.
We will remember you forever